In our time, we don’t like it when someone tries to boss us around, right? Well, our ancestors had to go through the same thing a long time ago. The freedom we have today did not just fall from the sky. It came because of the hard work and sacrifices of some amazing people the freedom fighters of India. These brave men and women did not care about their own lives, they only cared about India. In this article, you will get to know these heroes and what they did to make India free.
Freedom Fighters of India
Here is a list of some of the greatest freedom fighters of India:
- Mahatma Gandhi
- Bal Gangadhar Tilak
- Subhas Chandra Bose
- Bhagat Singh
- Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
- Jawaharlal Nehru
- Chandra Shekhar Azad
- Lal Bahadur Shastri
- Dr Rajendra Prasad
- Gopal Krishna Gokhale
- Annie Besant
- Dadabhai Naoroji
- Mangal Pandey
- V.D. Savarkar
- Rani Lakshmi Bai
- Sarojini Naidu
- Aruna Asaf Ali
- Madam Bhikaji Cama
- Dr. B.R. Ambedkar
- Veerapandiya Kattabomman
These freedom fighters, along with many others, made huge sacrifices and contributions to secure India’s independence from British colonial rule.
Famous Freedom Fighters of India and their sacrifices
Here are the top 10 freedom fighters of India and their contributions:
- Mahatma Gandhi (2nd October 1869- 30th January 1948):
Mahatma Gandhi, also known as “Bapu” and the “Father of the Nation,” was born on October 2, 1869. He became a major figure in India’s struggle for freedom. Gandhi was included in the Champaran and Kheda Movements, where he fought for the rights of ill-treated farmers. He led the Non-cooperation, Quit India, and Civil Disobedience Movements, supporting nonviolent opposition against British rule. One of his iconic actions was the Salt Satyagraha, a peaceful protest against the salt tax, signified by the Dandi March from March 12 to April 6, 1930. However, Gandhi was killed on January 30, 1948, but his gift of nonviolent protest was.
- Subhas Chandra Bose (23rd January 1897- 18th August 1945):
Subhas Chandra Bose also called Netaji, was a charming leader who desired the foreign to leave the free India. He formed the Indian National Army and led it with the slogan “Give me blood, and I shall give you freedom”. Though his efforts didn’t immediately succeed, his determination and sacrifice inspired others in the struggle for independence.
- Bhagat Singh (28th September 1907- 23rd March 1931):
Bhagat Singh was born in Punjab into a Sikh family of freedom fighters. He was a fearless freedom fighter who sacrificed his life for India’s independence. He protested against British injustice and threw a bomb at the Central Legislative Assembly. He was arrested and Bhagat Singh, along with Rajguru and Sukhdev, was hanged, this inspired millions to fight for freedom.
- Jawaharlal Nehru (14th November 1889- 27th May 1964):
Jawahar Lal Nehru, known as Pandit Nehru, played an important role in India’s fight for freedom. Born on November 14, 1889, he dedicated his life to the freedom movement. The Nehru was imprisoned several times during protests against British rule. His was then leadership and commitment were achieving India’s independence on August 15, 1947. He later became India’s first Prime Minister, making notable sacrifices for India’s bright future.
- Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (31st October 1875- 15th December 1950):
The Iron Man of India, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, is a well-known figure. He played a key role in bringing the royal kingdoms together to become one united country. He made a significant contribution to India’s independence. He brought the integration of over 500 princely states into the newly formed India. However, Patel’s leadership and dedication played a crucial role in shaping modern India.
- Dr. B.R. Ambedkar (14th April 1891-6th December 1956):
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar is a famous freedom fighter in India. He dedicated his life to ending discrimination against Dalits and lower-caste people. Ambedkar played a key role in preparing the Indian Constitution, ensuring equality and justice for all citizens. His sacrifices had stable social ostracism and faced opposition from traditional caste hierarchies. Also, Ambedkar’s legacy continues to inspire millions of people with social justice and a symbol of hope for marginalised communities in India.
- Lala Lajpat Rai (28th Jaunary 1865-17th November 1928):
Lala Lajpat Rai was born in 1865 and was a prominent freedom fighter in India’s struggle for independence. He made the most important role and sacrifices for his country’s freedom. Lajpat Rai without fear protested against British rule, supporting India’s rights. During a protest, he suffered severe injuries from a police rod charge in 1928. These injuries finally led to his death later that year. Lala Lajpat Rai remains an inspiration to all of us.
- Bal Gangadhar Tilak (23rd July 1856-1st August 1920):
Bal Gangadhar Tilak born in 1856, was a famous Indian freedom fighter. He was important in the struggle of India to secure freedom. Tilak was known for his dedication and sacrifices. He also encouraged people to be united and fight for their rights. At last Bal Gangadhar Tilak’s contributions are recognised as an essential part of India’s journey to independence.
- Chandra Shekhar Azad (23rd July 1906- 27th February 1931)
An Indian freedom fighter with bravery Chandra Shekhar Azad. He was born in 1906 and died in 1931. His relatives came from Uttar Pradesh’s Badarka village in the Unnao district. Azad was known for his fearless fight against British rule. He was to never submit to the British and preferred to die as a free man. His greatest sacrifice for India’s freedom makes him a revered hero in Indian history.
- Gopal Krishna Gokhale (9th May 1866-19th Feburary 1915):
Gopal Krishna Gokhale was an important Indian leader who was born on May 9, 1866, to February 19, 1915. He played a key role in India’s struggle for freedom from British rule. Gokhale was known for his dedication and hard work in achieving this goal. Like many other freedom fighters, Gokhale left his family and home to travel abroad and seek support for India’s independence. He also, believed in peaceful methods and diplomacy to achieve freedom. His leadership and efforts inspired many Indians to join the fight for independence.
These freedom fighters made significant contributions and sacrifices in the struggle for India’s independence, inspiring generations with their dedication and determination to free the nation from colonial rule.
Women Freedom Fighters of India
Here are the women freedom fighters of India and their contributions:
- Sarojini Naidu (13th February 1879-2nd March 1949):
Sarojini Naidu was a famous Indian freedom fighter. She was the first woman to handle the Indian National Congress in 1925. In 1928, she carried Mahatma Gandhi’s message of nonviolence to the USA. During Gandhi’s arrest in 1930, she led his movement. She participated in the Round Table Summit in 1931.
Sarojini Naidu was elected as President of the United States Congress in 1932. She was arrested during the “Quit India” protest and spent 21 days in jail in 1942. She was inspired by the struggle for freedom and became actively involved in India. In 1917, she made history as the first female president of the Indian National Congress.
- Rani Lakshmibai (19th November 1828- 18th June 1858):
Rani Lakshmibai was a brave Indian queen who lived in the 19th century. She was born on November 19, 1828, and fought against British rule in India. The Rani Lakshmibai was famous for her role in the Indian revolution of 1857. She bravely led her soldiers or army into battle, riding on horseback with her son tied to her back. She fought for the freedom of her kingdom, Jhansi, made great sacrifices and lost her life in battle on June 18, 1858. Rani Lakshmibai was a fearless lady to inspired Indians today.
- Bhikaji Cama(24th September 1861 – 13th August 1936):
Bhikaji Cama was born in 1861 and was a brave freedom fighter. She fought for India’s independence with stubborn determination. In 1907, she opened the first Indian flag on foreign soil in Stuttgart, Germany, as a symbol of our struggle. She advocated for India’s cause on the global stage. Although facing problems, she never gave up and continued her fight until her passing in 1936. Her sacrifices and dedication inspire us to this day of our freedom fighters.
- Aruna Asaf Ali(16th July 1909-29th July 1996):
Aruna Asaf Ali, who was born in 1909, she had bravely fought for India’s independence. She came to fame for her bold act of independence during the Quit India Movement in 1942 when she hoisted the Indian National Congress flag in Mumbai. Her courage inspired others to take up the cause of freedom. She gave her entire life to the cause of India’s independence, making numerous sacrifices. She passed away in 1996, leaving a bold and patriotic legacy.
Some of the greatest freedom fighters of India include Mahatma Gandhi, whose nonviolent to India’s independence, Subhas Chandra Bose, who formed the Indian National Army to fight against British rule, and Bhagat Singh, who sacrificed his life for the cause of freedom through revolutionary acts. Their contributions and sacrifices played an important role in securing India’s independence.
Their bravery and determination inspire us to cherish our hard-earned freedom and work towards a brighter future for India.
1. Who is the first lady freedom fighter?
The first lady freedom fighter in India is often credited to Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi.
2. Who is the No 1 freedom fighter of India?
It is challenging to rank freedom fighters, but Mahatma Gandhi is widely regarded as one of the most prominent and powerful figures in India’s freedom struggle.
3. Who is known as the Iron Man of India?
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is known as the Iron Man of India.
4. Who was the First Freedom Fighter of India?
Mangal Pandey is often considered the first freedom fighter of India for his revolution.
5. What are the 7 major freedom movements?
The seven major phases of India’s freedom movement include the First War of Independence (1857-1858), the Formation of Indian National Congress (1885), the Swadeshi Movement (1905-1908), the Non-Cooperation Movement (1920-1922), the Civil Disobedience Movement (1930-1934), the Quit India Movement (1942), and the Partition and Independence (1947).