Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver. Inflammation is the body’s response to an illness or injury. Many things can damage your liver and cause Hepatitis. Toxic substances, extensive drug usage, viral infections, and bile flow issues are just a few examples. Hepatitis can result from almost any liver disorder. The damage and inflammatory reaction can be brief or continuous.

Acute Hepatitis is a term used to describe short-term liver inflammation. It’s an immediate answer to a pressing issue. Chronic Hepatitis is a condition characterized by ongoing liver inflammation. It is a constant response to a persistent problem. Inflammation helps to protect and heal your liver tissues from injury. However, if inflammation is severe or lasts for an extended period, it might injure your liver and compromise its vital functioning.

Types of Hepatitis

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is transmitted through food or drink that contains the virus. This variety doesn’t cause long-term liver problems. You can contract hepatitis A only once. After that, you have permanent immunity to the virus and cannot contract the sickness again. The Hepatitis A vaccine helps prevent infection. There is no cure for Hepatitis A other than relaxation, a healthy diet, and avoiding alcohol.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is transmitted during sex by infected blood, sperm, or other bodily fluids. It can be transferred from mother to kid after childbirth. It can also be transmitted by sharing needles used to inject medications. Most persons who have hepatitis B recover after 4 to 8 weeks and are unlikely to get the infection again. However, if it remains in your body for an extended period, it may result in significant liver damage.

Hepatitis C

The most prevalent way for Hepatitis C to spread is by sharing needles for drug use. It can be transmitted during sex via infected blood, sperm, or other bodily fluids. Most people who get hepatitis C have a long-term illness, which can occasionally result in severe liver damage. 

Hepatitis D

This is an uncommon type of Hepatitis that exclusively develops in association with hepatitis B infection. The hepatitis D virus (HDV) produces liver inflammation in the same way as other strains do, but HDV cannot be contracted unless a person already has hepatitis B.

Globally, HDV affects around 5% of patients with chronic hepatitis B.

Hepatitis E

Hepatitis E is a waterborne disease caused by exposure to the hepatitis E virus (HEV). Hepatitis E is primarily seen in places with inadequate sanitation and is often caused by swallowing faecal matter that pollutes the water supply. Hepatitis E is usually acute, but it can be especially harmful in pregnant women.

Causes of Hepatitis

Causes of Viral Hepatitis

Hepatitis A and E are primarily transmitted by contact with contaminated food or water from an infected person’s stool. People can potentially contract hepatitis E by consuming raw pig, deer, or seafood. Hepatitis B, C, and D are transmitted by contact with a carrier’s blood.

Causes of noninfectious Hepatitis

Alcohol and Other Toxins

Excessive alcohol consumption can lead to liver damage and inflammation. This may also be known as alcoholic Hepatitis.

Alcohol directly damages the cells of your liver. It can cause lasting damage over time, resulting in liver tissue thickening or scarring (cirrhosis) and failure. Other hazardous causes of Hepatitis include pharmaceutical abuse and toxin exposure.

Autoimmune system responses

In some situations, the immune system misinterprets the liver as toxic and attacks it. This creates chronic inflammation that may vary from moderate to severe, frequently impairing liver function. It is three times more prevalent in women than in men. 

Symptoms of Hepatitis

Hepatitis might be challenging to detect. It does not always produce noticeable symptoms at first. You may notice:

Upper abdomen ache or soreness, primarily on the right side.

Nausea and loss of appetite.

Fatigue and melancholy.

Fever (if you’ve got a viral infection).

When Hepatitis interferes with liver function, you may notice extra symptoms. This can occur in more severe forms of acute Hepatitis as well as chronic Hepatitis that has persisted for a long time. 

Hepatitis prevention

To help avoid Hepatitis, do the following:

– Getting a vaccine. There are vaccines available to avoid viral hepatitis A and B.

– Practicing proper hygiene. Handwashing after using the restroom, proper food handling, and safe needle use can all help prevent infections from spreading.

– Consuming alcohol on limits and taking medications as advised. Treatment for substance use disorders can help you avoid toxic Hepatitis.

– Regulating metabolic factors such as blood lipids and blood sugar. A medical professional can assist with this.

Diet to be followed during Hepatitis

Hepatitis patients have more eating options than just a few bland foods. Numerous nutritious, delicious meal selections are excellent for both the liver and the rehabilitation process.

– Whole grains and millet are pretty good for eating as an essential component of a healthy Hepatitis diet. These include bran, bread made from whole wheat or cereal, brown rice, red rice, and tiny millets. Include whole grains like quinoa, barley, whole or toasted oats, wild rice, rye, oatmeal, and corn. Vegetables and fruit should be an essential element of any diet to aid in the recovery from liver illness. 

MCT oil (Medium-Chain Triglyceride), such as coconut oil, helps to reduce inflammation, and other oils, such as olive oil, canola oil, and flaxseed oil, are all good fats that should be included in the diet of Hepatitis patients.

Healthy proteins, such as low-fat milk and dairy products, as well as high-biological-value proteins such as lean meats, eggs, chicken, and fish, and vegetarian sources such as legumes, whole lentils, and soy products, can all contribute to a healthy liver diet.

What to avoid during Hepatitis

It is also critical to avoid specific foods during Hepatitis since they can be detrimental to the liver. A great deal of these can worsen the condition and perhaps cause permanent liver damage.

When healing from Hepatitis, processed foods should be avoided. These include bread, cheese maida goods (wheat flour with reduced roughage), fried food, packaged and canned food, and practically all fast food items since they can prolong healing.

Hydrogenated oils need to be substituted with healthier alternatives. In fact, switching to healthy oil options is an excellent way to ensure a healthy liver for life. Avoid foods containing saturated or trans fats, such as margarine, Dalda oil, hydrogenated oil, animal fats, and palm oil.

Sugar intake ought to be minimized to maintain a healthy liver. This includes all artificial sweeteners and fruit juices. Juices contain high concentrations of sugar, which can be hard for the liver to absorb when the body is infected with the Hepatitis virus.

Complications due to Hepatitis

Chronic liver disease

Chronic liver disease (CLD) is defined as a progressive degradation of liver functions lasting more than six months, including the synthesis of clotting factors and other proteins, the detoxification of toxic metabolic products, and the excretion of bile.


Cirrhosis is liver scarring caused by years of chronic Hepatitis. Chronic inflammation and oedema in the liver tissues result in progressive scarring. Your liver’s capacity to function declines as good liver tissue is eventually replaced by scar tissue. Cirrhosis can eventually progress to chronic liver failure.

Liver cancer

Chronic Hepatitis and cirrhosis both increase the risk of getting primary liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma). Inflammation itself is a risk factor. Viral Hepatitis may also change the DNA in your liver cells, causing healthy cells to become cancerous. More than half of all persons who get liver cancer have persistent hepatitis B or C.


Acute Hepatitis is usually transient and resolves on its own, although some kinds, such as viral hepatitis A, can linger for months. The majority of acute hepatitis causes cannot be treated directly. The most significant risk of acute Hepatitis is acute liver failure, which is uncommon. If you suddenly feel substantially worse, contact a healthcare specialist.

Chronic Hepatitis can last for a long time without producing symptoms. Some people are unaware of it until they start to have issues. It does cause liver damage over time, but the amount and rate vary. Without therapy, approximately 25% of people develop cirrhosis, typically over several decades. However, with treatment, your liver may usually recover from damage.


How is Hepatitis transmitted?

Hepatitis B, C, and D can spread by blood, sperm, and other bodily fluids. This indicates that these viruses can spread during unprotected sex. The hepatitis B virus is approximately ten times as contagious as HIV.

Can Hepatitis be cured?

Most people recover completely from Hepatitis, though it may take several months for the liver to recover fully. To boost your health and speed up your recuperation, avoid alcohol and practice excellent nutrition. 

What happens if you test positive for hepatitis A?

Most people with Hepatitis A recover within three months. Almost everyone gets better after six months. After recuperating, there is no long-term damage. You cannot contract the sickness again. 

What are the warning signs of Hepatitis?

Long-term (chronic) Hepatitis may not cause any evident symptoms until the liver ceases to function correctly (liver failure), and it may only be detected by blood tests. In its advanced phases, it can cause jaundice, swelling in the legs, ankles, and feet, confusion, and blood in your stools or vomit.