List of Volcanoes in India- Active and Dormant Volcanoes

Volcanoes in India


Volcanoes in India can be fascinating and sometimes a bit dangerous. They are like nature’s fire-living mountains. In this article, we will explore the volcanoes in India, both the active ones and those that are taking a long nap. Learning about these volcanoes can help us understand our country’s geological wonders and the potential risks that may occur in the future. So, let’s dive into the world of Indian volcanoes to know which ones are active and which are just resting.

What is a volcano, and how are they formed?

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A volcano is like a mountain that can sometimes discharge hot, melted rock, ash, and gases coming out from the inside of the Earth. These discharges can be powerful and create lava flows, ash clouds, and even explosions.

Volcanoes are formed when there is a crack or opening in the Earth’s crust, which is like the outer shell of our planet. Inside the Earth, there’s a layer called the mantle, and sometimes, the hot, molten rock from the mantle called magma pushes its way up through these cracks in the crust. When this magma comes out of the Earth’s surface, it forms a volcano. However, as the volcano discharges again and again, it can grow taller and form the familiar cone shape. Also, a volcano is like a mountain made of hot, melted rock from inside the Earth that sometimes bursts out.

Different types of volcanoes

1. Shield Volcanoes:

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Shield volcanoes are like big, gentle giants among mountains. They are huge, wide, and have a shape that looks like a warrior’s shield, hence it is named as a shield. These volcanoes are not very sharp and are formed by the slow and steady flow of lava. Unlike explosive volcanoes that can discharge with lots of fire and ash, shield volcanoes typically have a breakout with lava flowing out slowly. They can be found in different parts of the world and are known for their peaceful but impressive beauty.

2. Stratovolcanoes (Composite Volcanoes):

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Stratovolcanoes are also known as composite volcanoes. These are big mountains that are made of layers of different materials. These volcanoes are pretty tall and have a classic cone shape like you might draw a volcano in a picture. Strato or composite are made up of layers of lava, ash, rocks, and other stuff that comes out of the volcano during discharge. These layers can come by over time, making the volcano grow taller and taller.

Stratovolcanoes can be quite powerful and sometimes have big explosions that shoot out hot lava, ash, and gases. They can also produce pyroclastic flows, which are super hot and fast-moving mixtures of ash, rocks, and gas that flow down the volcano’s sides during an eruption.

3. Cinder Cone Volcanoes:

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The cinder cone volcanoes are small, steep mountains made of rocks and ash. These are created when there’s a volcanic discharge. These volcanoes tend to be relatively short and have a simple, cone-like shape. They form when hot molten rock, called lava, shoots out of the volcano and cools quickly in the air. This causes the lava to break into tiny pieces and then fall back to the ground, building up the cone over time. Also, Cinder cone volcanoes are usually not as big or as dangerous as some other types of volcanoes, but they can still discharge and cause problems for nearby areas.

4. Lava Domes (Volcanic Domes):

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The Lava domes are also known as volcanic domes. These are hills or mounds formed by the slow and thickening flow of lava from a volcano. As discharge ash and rocks into the air, lava domes are created when molten lava flows out of the volcano and piles up over time.

Hence, the lava that makes up domes is very thick and sticky, which means it doesn’t flow far from the volcano’s vent. Instead, it builds up near the vent, creating a mound. Lava domes can be quite dangerous because pressure can build up inside them, potentially leading to explosive eruptions. Here, lava domes are like hills made of thick lava that slowly pile up near the top of a volcano.

List of Volcanoes in India

Here’s a simple table listing some of the volcanoes in India:

Volcano NameLocationActivity Status
Barren IslandAndaman and Nicobar IslandsActive, Active since 2017
Narcondam IslandAndaman and Nicobar IslandsDormant (Last eruption 1681)
Baratang IslandAndaman and Nicobar IslandsNot highly active but still exhibit, Mud volcanoes (Not very active)
DhinodharGujaratExtinct (Around 500 million years ago)
Dhosi HillHaryanaDormant (Around 750 million years ago)
Tosham HillsHaryanaExtinct (Around 732 million years ago)
Loktak LakeManipurSupervolcanic caldera (Around 100 million years ago) Unknown
Deccan Plateau VolcanoesMaharashtra, KarnatakaExtinct (Approximately 25 million years ago)
List of Volcanoes in India

This table provides a brief overview of some of the notable volcanoes in India, their locations, and their activity statuses.

Active, Dormant, and Extinct Volcanoes in India

Here is the explanation of the volcanoes Active, Dormant, and Extinct Volcanoes in India

  • Barren Island
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Barren Island is a unique island in the Andaman Sea. It is special because it is the only place in India where we find an active volcano. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands include it. This island is about 138 kilometres (86 miles) away from Port Blair, the capital of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The volcano on Barren Island has been exploding for a long time, with records of its first outbreak dating back to 1787. It has discharged more than 10 times since then, and the most recent eruption happened in 2020.

  • Narcondam Island:
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Narcondam Island is situated in the Andaman Sea and is known for its dormant volcano. It is one of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands belonging to India, located approximately 130 kilometres (81 miles) northeast of Port Blair, the capital of the territory. The volcano on Narcondam Island is considered dormant, with its last known outburst recorded in 1681. hence, it is not currently active.

  • Baratang Island:
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Baratang Island is situated in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the Indian Union and is known for its mud volcanoes rather than active volcanic eruptions. These mud volcanoes are not very active and similarly release mud, gases, and sometimes small amounts of lava. Baratang Island is famous for its lush greenery, mangrove forests, and limestone caves. It is always a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors with its natural beauty and unique geological features. The island’s mud volcanoes have a fascinating natural wonder, offering a glimpse into the Earth’s dynamic processes, even though they are not currently active.

  • Dhinodhar Hills:
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Dhinodhar Hills are a range of hills situated or located in Gujarat, India. These hills were formed due to volcanic activity, but they are considered extinct, and they are not expected to erupt again. They have been stable for a very long time, estimated to be around 500 million years ago. Dhinodhar Hills are known for their unique geological features and are now a part of the landscape.

  • Dhosi Hill:

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Dhosi Hill is located in the state of Haryana, India. It is an extinct volcano, which means it has not erupted for a very long time and is not expected to erupt again. These hills were formed approximately 750 million years ago due to volcanic activity. Today, they stand as a witness to the geological history of the region.

  • Tosham Hills:
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Tosham Hills, also situated in Haryana, were shaped by volcanic activity around 732 million years ago. Like Dhosi Hill, Tosham Hills are considered extinct, and there is no current volcanic activity. They are a part of the natural landscape of the region and have remained dormant for millions of years.

  • Loktak Lake:
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Loktak Lake is a freshwater lake situated in the Indian state of Manipur. It is unique because of its geological origin. Loktak Lake type is a supervolcanic caldera, a very, very long time ago, about 100 million years ago. But the volcanic activity here is so ancient that it’s hard to say if it will ever erupt again. However, it’s important to note that the status of this geological feature is not well-documented, and its current volcanic status remains unknown.

  • Deccan Plateau Volcanoes:
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The Deccan Plateau in India is located in Central India approximately 25 million years ago. It is a flat region that stretches between the Western and Eastern Ghats mountain ranges. It is south of the Narmada River and is bordered to the north by the Satpura and Vindhya Mountains. This plateau is famous for its volcanic history, with much of its landscape formed by layers of basalt, which is a rock. The volcanic activity that shaped the Deccan Plateau occurred over millions of years, leaving behind a unique geological heritage. Today, it stands as India’s ancient volcanic past, with both dormant and extinct volcanoes contributing to its unique landscape.


In conclusion, India has only one active volcano, Barren Island, in the Andaman Islands, while Narcondam, also in the Andaman Islands, is a dormant volcano. These are the only known volcanoes with recent or historical activity in India. For further information or updates on volcanic activity, consult relevant scientific sources.


1. How many volcanoes are in India?

India has a limited number of volcanoes, but Barren Island is the most notable active one.

2. Which is the biggest volcano in India?

The biggest volcano in India is Barren Island, located in the Andaman Islands.

3. Which country has the most volcanoes?

Indonesia has the most volcanoes, with over 130 active ones.

4. Which is the largest volcano in the world?

Mauna Loa in Hawaii is the world’s largest volcano by volume and area.

5. Which is the most active volcano in India?

Barren Island in the Andaman Islands is the most active volcano in India.

Chrysalis School is a hidden gem that is absolutely amazing. The experience started when we were driving through in search of school for our kids and saw this attractive newly built school.

Our interaction with school alumni assured us that our child will be in the best hands with the teachers and staff. The faculty and staff truly care about the students and are available around the clock to help with student needs.

Yaduveer Singh & Tanu Chaudhary

I started my journey at Chrysalis High in the third grade, and have been studying in the same till now and from all these years, I can say that Chrysalis High has the best staff and curriculum.

PUPA (Prior Understanding of Pupil Attributes) is a unique method used in Chrysalis High to understand a student’s learning ability, skills and emotions. They gain this knowledge from the parents and us in an effort to understand us better. The extracurricular activities, inter-school competitions, sports and cultural days organised help incorporate fun and games along with academics.

The student council and the elections for its positions familiarise a student with a sense of responsibility and teamwork. Studying at Chrysalis High has helped me grow to my full potential and has indeed trained me for the exam called life.

I would like to thank all the teachers and staff at Chrysalis High for making my learning experience the best.


Ms. Indrani Singh

Chief Vision Officer, Principal, Chrysalis High Marq & Head - Chrysalis Kids

Ms. Indrani Singh possesses a MSc and B.Ed degree to her credit. She has over 10 years of experience in the field of education and has climbed the rungs of leadership with her sheer dedication, hard work and love for her profession. She joined as the Head of Chrysalis Kids in 2013, which is a pre primary school of Chrysalis. Her out of box thinking and her ideology of doing the right thing for the children have helped her to pioneer new processes to make learning an enriching experience for the children. Across a period of seven years, Ms. Indrani Singh has become a flag bearer of Chrysalis vision, especially the PUPA (Prior Understanding of Pupil Attributes) Program. Indrani brought in the idea of Pre-CHAMPS to all Chrysalis schools. Known for her ideation & focus on quality, Indrani leaves no stone unturned to ensure children have a wonderful learning experience at Chrysalis. In 2017, she was made Associate Academic Director – Pre Primary & again promoted to Academic Director – Pre Primary, a role she handles along with the responsibilities of Chrysalis High, Marq. Under her supervision and guidance, many initiatives like Pre-CHAMPS, AwSTEM, Festival of learning were initiated and appreciated by all. Today she handles multitude of responsibilities from heading two schools to overseeing the Pre-Primary Curriculum Team of Chrysalis as the Academic Director. In addition to these profiles, she was recently promoted as Chief Vision Officer to propel PUPA, an initiative of Chrysalis, to greater heights. To this day, her ideas and her sheer determination to always try something different and new makes her a formidable and integral part of Chrysalis. With an unending pandemic looming over us, the future for education looked uncertain. But Ms. Indrani with her belief that learning should not stop for the children, ideated on the perfect balance of online and live class model to suit the learning styles of the children. The plan started with what best would suit the children and also help the working parents who were facing their own challenges and obstacles. The online model started with curriculum videos which the Chrysalis teachers recorded with the right guidance and methodology which was well defined by her. The live classes began with once a week class to slowly introduce the children to digital learning. With children adapting to live class, the sessions increased to add more to their knowledge. Teachers were sensitized about the challenges of live class and how to ensure that they do the right thing for the children and be an integral part in their learning given the circumstances. Providing the right support to parents and the challenges they faced, were also key elements of the whole digital teaching process. Providing individual support to the children was one way to ensure we partnered with parents to provide the right support to the children and ensure that the learning did not stop.


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Salient Features


The School serves balanced and nutritious vegetarian snacks and lunch to students who have opted for the facility.

To supervise students during lunchtime, a teacher is appointed for monitoring each table. Children are trained to keep themselves clean and display correct dining manners.

Reverse Osmosis systems for purifying drinking water are available across the campus throughout the day.

Student Safety and School Security

Safety Always a step ahead!

Chrysalis is inarguably the only school where at no point of time, any child is left without supervision of a female teacher!

CCTV Cameras- Entire premises

Precautionary measures

Working at Chrysalis High has been a wholesome experience for me. What stands out for me is the support I receive from the school management in standing by my vision and passion as a teacher.

It would not be an exaggeration in the slightest, if I said that I feel always supported by the principal, coordinator and staff in performing my duties to the best of my abilities. This makes me confident that I would be given room to grow as an educator. It feels great to be part of a group that takes meaningful steps towards turning our philosophy and values into action!

The values we would love to instill in our students at Chrysalis High are strongly rooted in our hearts by our compassionate and efficient school heads and mentors and model them to our students.

The induction programme has been nothing short of immense learning and much-needed guidance to face all our challenges head-on and it has helped prepare ourselves for the year ahead.

At Chrysalis High, I find myself doing what I love to do, staying true to what I strongly believe in and above all I can see myself as a passionate learner with new opportunities to learn each and every day. To top it all, the love and support my students shower on me is an additional perk without which I cannot be the happy teacher that I am today.

Suhasini. S
Secondary Teacher

Chrysalis High team integrates compassion into their teaching standards, emphasizes the importance of values and builds leaders through each of their classes and lessons. It allows for a lower student to teacher ratio. Online teaching during difficult times of Covid – 19 was indeed a huge challenge for all schools but the support provided by the school to transcend the challenge of teaching students by providing apt and timely training to teachers in online teaching methodology is commendable. This has been very useful to students as well as their parents. The teachers had worked hard in coming up with innovative methods of teaching to keep the students up breast with subjects with their enthusiasm intact.  It’s been a wonderful journey for me at Chrysalis High so far.  The entire team works in unison with one thought in mind – the betterment of the children.

My sincere thanks to Principal ma’am, Coordinators and last but not least my colleagues for the constant support and love.

Upasana Banerjee –
Primary Teacher

I am very happy studying at Chrysalis High Bannerghatta Road. I got admission during the lockdown period. The online classes were well organized and very interactive.

I gained a lot of knowledge during online classes, and the teachers understood us quickly and were there for us at all times. Even though we didn’t meet personally, the atmosphere at Chrysalis was always very warm and supportive. Even though online classes were new to everyone, our teachers were able to identify where we were lagging, and they provided Individual Support Classes (ISP).

The teachers are very interactive, friendly with us, and support us to come up with our own ideas. Practical explanation of the subject through STEaM is also one of the most exciting sessions in our school. The teachers also covered extracurricular activities and enrichment activities during the online classes. The warm welcome by the teachers to the offline classes made us more excited to attend school and a day at Chrysalis High with my friends and teachers is something that I eagerly look forward to every day.

Chrysalis High, is a great school which develops a good foundation for kids both academically and also in character building. Both the pre primary and now the primary school years for Samay, have been socially nurturing and academically challenging. Our son loves his school, he has come a long way from his nursery days till today, the 3rd grade.

Everyone at school, be it the Principal, Coordinators, teachers or the administrative staff, all have been really cooperative and supportive. Chrysalis also has one of the best parent – teacher relationship!

Overall, Chrysalis High, has been a wonderful experience for both Samay and us till date. We appreciate the great work and looking forward for more!


I have been in Chrysalis High BG Road since 2018. The teachers have laid a strong foundation, helped me improve on my basics in all subjects and played a major role in me evolving into the best version of myself. My school has given me many opportunities to develop my leadership skills and I will always feel grateful about that. I have made many friends in the last couple of years, thanks to the warm atmosphere at Chrysalis High. During online classes our school left no stone unturned and even though our classes were online, they ensured we learnt with the same enthusiasm.

My Voyage at Chrysalis High Marq has been spectacular and overwhelming. The school has positive vibes that makes it a beautiful shelter for not only students but also for the teachers. Here at Chrysalis we are motivated to nurture the young minds in the best possible way.

I learnt number of years of work experience is not that counts, what is more important is the quality one possesses through their learning experience. I thoroughly enjoy teaching and unfaltering curiosity.

Chrysalis High is an impressive organization that makes educators feel supported and equipped. I ’am proud to be a part of this institution that strive to take eloquent steps to transform our care philosophy and values into effective action.

I feel privileged to be an integral part of such a proficient and progressive workforce. Chrysalis oozes integrity and excellence that is t=refreshing and essential in our daily duties.

Chrysalis exemplifies what it means to be an organization that is “To help our children excel by understanding them, guiding them on the right path and strengthening their self belief.”

I enjoy working at Chrysalis High because this is a place where high energy meets absolute dedication.As a teacher, each day is a new day for me and I fully value the myriad opportunities that enhance my experience.

I also appreciate the unique working atmosphere and  the collaborative culture  that allows me to grow not only as a professional, but also as a person.

The school provides me with a lot of scope to interact with children and their parents, and this gives me an opportunity  to gain deeper insights into ways to help each of them achieve their academic goals.

The school’s vision for children is a guiding principle for all of us. It is indeed a pleasure to work with my immediate superiors who are both-understanding and supportive in all aspects. Together, I am certain that we will have a mutually enriching and exciting academic year ahead.

Anuradha Shankar Venkataraman,
Employee, Chrysalis High Marq

Chrysalis High Marq has paved new roads of possibilities of learning and fruitful experiences for both teachers such as myself and the students.

The things that are most satisfying for me are the never ending opportunities to learn, perform out of the comfort zone and most importantly the endless love that I receive from the children. Life is a continuous learning process and Chrysalis High Marq has made it possible by giving me many opportunities to be creative in the way I work. The whole team works as a family by supporting and helping each other at any given point of time .

The motivation, appreciation, support and positivity received by us is in turn passed on to our students. The school believes in the holistic development of all its children and takes all the necessary measures to nurture the young minds in a fruitful way. I am extremely proud to be a part of the Chrysalis High Marq family.

Educator, Chrysalis High Marq

In the field of Construction, they say- “ A well-designed and strong foundation keeps the building standing while the forces of nature wreak havoc.” The same purpose that a foundation serves for a building, schooling does for our children- ensures they are wholly prepared for the journey called Life!

Having worked for a few schools in the past, I was aware of the paramount role a school plays in the initial nurturing of a child. While joining Chrysalis, I expected a similar school environment as in my past, but to my astonishment, things were incredibly better. While the academics here are indeed exceptional, even better is the focus on the character development of each child. Teachers know their Children really well, beyond just recalling the child’s name; all thanks to initiatives like PUPA. The teachers nurture children in a way that is not just caring and loving but also instills in them qualities like compassion, collaboration, empathy and many more from an early age. Children are also encouraged in a way that they constantly thrive to develop confidence in their own unique abilities.

Well, what we reap is what we sow; and not just the teachers but the whole team in Chrysalis believes in this fact. We work together tirelessly because we know we are nurturing kids to form a responsible and noble generation for the future!

Anjali E
Faculty, Chrysalis High Marq

I have been a student at Chrysalis High Marq for two school years and from what I have experienced, I can tell you it is a great school. The staff is excellent and the rules help keep the school safe and in order.

There is an equal balance of learning and reviewing the information. There are enrichment activity classes as well to where we have life skill and ink well sessions that help in the refinement and polishing of the mind. Chrysalis has initiated many activities for students. We have engrossing and fun-filled Indoor Champs, Performing Arts classes, Buddy interaction time etc. The teachers in Chrysalis are hardworking and determined . I am so proud and lucky to go to Chrysalis!

Sean Lennon
Grade VIII